4-H youth from Kenya tour University’s CANR facilities

December 13, 2013 under CANR News, Cooperative Extension

Two 4-H youth from Kenya and their principal visited DelawareThe University of Delaware College of Agriculture and Natural Resources (CANR) served as host to three guests from Kenya on Wednesday, Dec. 11, as part of a joint effort by DuPont and the National 4-H Council.

Touring CANR facilities were Naomi Atieno Ochieng and Dancan Odhiambo Inda, two young 4-H members from Kenya, and Millicent Akinyi Obare, the principal of Nyaminia Primary School, which they attend.

The goal of the trip was for the students and principal to share the many ways that their club enterprises have helped generate life-saving revenue in Africa due to the unique partnership between DuPont and 4-H.

The guests were joined by members of Collegiate 4-H and Ag Ambassadors for a pizza party in the Townsend Hall Commons before taking a tour of the UDairy Creamery.

Prior to arriving at UD, the delegation also visited the 4-H After-School Program at George Kirk Middle School in Newark, which is run by UD’s Cooperative Extension, had lunch and a reception with DuPont leaders, and visited DuPont’s Stine-Haskell Research Center, which both of the students said was a highlight of the day.

Obare explained that the club in Kenya, which there is called 4-K, has “45 registered members but basically all the children in the school are members in a way because the club runs a school feeding program which feeds the whole school. The population of the school is 920 so the feeding program takes care of the 920 every day.”

Obare also said that the Nyaminia Primary School keeps the feeding program open on weekends so that if any child should stray into the school, they will have something to eat.

Ochieng said that the 4-K program has provided her the opportunity to “learn skills that will help me in the future, and it has led me near a brighter future.” She said that her favorite part of 4-K is horticulture, while Inda said that he enjoys the livestock, specifically the cows.

Obare said that since they have been in the U.S., she has taken a look at what kinds of activities the 4-H program runs for American youth and will try to incorporate some of those activities in the 4-K program when they travel back to Kenya. “Many of our projects are agriculture based but we could have children who have other interests, maybe scientific or otherwise. So we are going to sit down and explore ways of incorporating such kinds of projects so that we can bring on board other children who are not really interested in agriculture,” she said.

About the partnership

In 2011, DuPont partnered with 4-H in five African countries to engage youth in development activities aimed at building skills to address the challenges of food security.

The Kenyan 4-H, or 4-K, club was initially designed to help sustain the feeding program of Nyaminia Primary School, which often provides a child’s only meal for the day.

Today, the club’s enterprises include gardening, maize growing, dairy production (cattle and goat), poultry, horticulture and forestry.

Club enterprises also include a barbershop, as well as printing and photocopying.

The club uses the revenue generated from these projects to subsidize the school feeding program; to provide milk and other sustenance to reach local communities affected and infected by HIV/AIDS; and to hire four adults to assist with forestry and animal projects.

Photos by Danielle Quigley

This article can also be viewed on UDaily.


O Christmas Tree

December 5, 2013 under Cooperative Extension

Phytophthora root rot is problematic on tree farmsIn December, many people are shopping for a perfect cut tree or live tree to decorate their homes. There have been recent reports in 2013 regarding root rot in fir, causing problems for Christmas tree growers.

Phytophthora root rot is problematic on tree farms in Oregon, North Carolina and many other states where Christmas trees are grown. Phytophthora is a fungus-like organism sometimes called a water mold, of which many species cause plant diseases including root rots on numerous host plants. Phytophthora root rot is favored by wet, saturated soils. The mid-Atlantic region had an abundance of rain in the spring of 2013, which led to saturated soils on many farms, especially those with poor drainage. Roots in saturated soil may be stressed and may be more susceptible to root invading microorganisms.

This time of year, though, when everyone is looking for a sale or a bargain, it is good to remember that our local Christmas tree growers deal with many challenges to growing a perfect tree, an expensive and time consuming process.

A Christmas tree takes 8 to 10 years to grow to a good size, and there are many hurdles along the way. Trees must be planted properly in good soil, not too shallow or not too deep. It may take up to three years for a transplanted seedling to establish a good root system. Young trees in particular may be killed in a few weeks by Phytophthora infections in the roots. Fraser, noble, concolor, and canaan fir are all susceptible, as is Douglas fir although it is not a true fir species (Abies). Nordmann fir may be less susceptible. Other root rotting fungi and microorganisms can attack roots of fir and pine. The best management strategies for root rot are the purchase of clean healthy seedlings and proper site selection, because the best possible control is avoidance of Phytophthora root rot in the first place.

If trees become established and growers avoid root rot, there are many other pests and diseases that attack Christmas tree species. There are needlecast fungi that cause spotting and discoloration of needles, and needle drop. Growers must scout their trees, apply fertilizer and pest control, trim to shape, and keep up with research on tree species and new varieties. Sales of trees, following the 10 year nurturing, all occur yearly within a 4 to 6 week period. Our Christmas tree growers are dedicated agricultural professionals who love to see smiles on the faces of people who purchase and enjoy the trees that they grow!

Article by Nancy Gregory


Delaware 4-H hosts students from Colombia, Ecuador

November 7, 2013 under Cooperative Extension

4-H hosted the 2013 Youth Ambassadors ProgramThe University of Delaware Cooperative Extension 4-H Program recently hosted 24 students and four adults from Colombia and Ecuador as part of the 2013 Youth Ambassadors Program.

The program is funded by Department of State through its Bureau of Educational and Cultural Affairs (ECA).

The participants stayed with host families for three weeks, from Oct. 6-27, and participated in various activities that included visiting historic sites in Washington, D.C., and Philadelphia, meeting with officials including U.S. Rep. John Carney, visiting Delaware schools, taking in a live showing of the theatrical production Spider-Man: Turn Off the Darkand touring Times Square in New York City.

Mark Manno, Delaware 4-H program leader, said the participants learned a lot about American culture during their stay, perhaps most of all from the host families with whom they stayed. “It was interesting to hear, after they had stayed with host families for awhile, how their opinions changed,” said Manno, noting that a lot of the students came to the country with preconceived notions about the United States and American families.

One participant, Felipe Solano Paute from Ecuador, said, “One of the things that I have learned from this trip is a lot of history about the United States, many things that I didn’t know before, and I have changed the way I think about some aspects of the United States. American people have been very kind and very open to welcome us — and not only our host families but, in general, they have been very kind.”

Colombia’s Luna Sierra said she enjoyed talking with officials, as well as spending time with young people in America. “There is a lot of respect to other people and there is a lot of technology. In America, you have to work hard but you will find success at the end of the road.”

Sierra said that she and her classmates will be “taking with them the best of the American culture.”

Daniel Quinones, also from Colombia, agreed with that assessment, stating that his favorite part of the trip was “the way in which the host families have welcomed us into their homes. They have taught us a lot about how they as a family behave and the family culture.”

The visits to Delaware schools were equally interesting to the students, as Quinones said that he was surprised about how much technology is used in American classrooms.

Manno, who picked up one of the students from St. Elizabeth High School in Wilmington, said, “The kids went to really great schools and they were really impressed. The kids were a huge hit in the schools, especially in the Spanish classes. They loved to have a Spanish speaker there. At the end of the day, I went to St. Elizabeth to pick those kids up and when I got there, there were all these St. Elizabeth kids gathered around them, so they made a lot of friends in a hurry and it was a really good project.”

Manno also pointed out that one of the best experiences the students had was attending a 4-H leadership camp in Sussex County the first weekend they arrived in the United States along with Delaware 4-H members. Manno credited Mallory Vogl, New Castle County 4-H Educator, for putting the camp together.

“We ended up with about 60 kids and it was terrific. Even though we had 7.5 inches of rain in Sussex County that weekend, the kids just bonded. The South American kids got to spend a whole weekend with the Delaware kids, and that was just terrific. They just really hit it off, so I have to give credit to Mallory Vogl for that –she really stepped up,” said Manno.

The experience was equally positive for the adult chaperones who accompanied the students on the trip.

One of the chaperones, Cynthia Orna Ladd from Ecuador, said that while the students visited schools, her host family took her to see Longwood Gardens in nearby Pennsylvania.

Orna Ladd said it was fun to see the reactions of the students as they saw America for the first time, and that she enjoyed spending time with an American family. “I’ve only been in an Ecuadorian family environment but to be with American people, to be part of the family and such is great,” she said. “I’m living with a couple of retired people so they have all the time to talk to me and the mom used to teach home economics, so she cooks very well. I went with them to Longwood Gardens and that was very nice — that’s the thing that I’ve appreciated the most.”

Article by Adam Thomas

Photos by Danielle Quigley

This article can also be viewed on UDaily.


UD Cooperative Extension presents awards at annual conference

November 6, 2013 under Cooperative Extension

Cooperative Extension 100th anniversary celebration and awards ceremony held at the Atlantic Sands Hotel in Rehoboth, Delaware.University of Delaware Cooperative Extension kicked off a Centennial Celebration at it annual conference held at Rehoboth Beach on Tuesday, Oct. 29.

At the celebration, UD Cooperative Extension recognized four Director’s Friend of Extension Award recipients as well as the recipients of the 2013 Director’s Leadership Award.

The following were the recipients of the Director’s Friend of Extension Awards:

Nancy A. Cotugna

Nancy A. Cotugna is a professor of behavioral health and nutrition at UD and in 2004-05 she spent her sabbatical with UD Cooperative Extension researching where other states obtained matching funds for the Food Stamp Nutrition Education program (SNAP Ed) and identifying potential sources of funding in Delaware.

Her graduate students have also conducted research to further Extension programming efforts.

Michelle Rodgers, associate dean for Cooperative Extension in the University’s College of Agriculture and Natural Resources, said Cotugna has been “extremely helpful in assisting with the University of Delaware’s Cooperative Extension nutrition education programs. When the nutrition department had a coordinated dietetic internship program, Dr. Cotugna was instrumental in placing dietetic interns with Extension. Additionally, she assigns one to three community nutrition students each semester with various staff members to volunteer for Extension.”

Fifer Orchards

Fifer Orchards, a fourth generation family farm that features a farm and a country store in Camden-Wyoming and a local fresh market in Dewey Beach, was presented with the award thanks to its support of 4-H and Cooperative Extension over the years.

4-H youth have been given the opportunity to gain educational knowledge and value from various operation tours provided by Fifer Orchards staff. These youth have been able to develop and showcase their presentation skills as well as their culinary skills through the Front Porch Demonstration program.

Through the program, members of 4-H prepare recipes using fruits and vegetables in harvest and showcase them on the front porch of Fifer Orchards. They also have been allowed to share their knowledge and skills with others through the Animal Showcase program.

Fifer Orchards has also been a donor of funds and products to various 4-H events, including the peach ice cream donation booth at the Middletown Peach Festival that provides $1,100 annually to support the county program.

Fifer Orchards has also allowed Extension to host tours at its site and has provided speakers for various Extension events, all in an effort to promote agriculture and to share knowledge and information with their clientele as well as to the clientele of Cooperative Extension.

Fifer Orchards has been instrumental in providing land and labor to do various vegetable trials. In addition, Fifer family members participate on various Extension committees and boards.

Delaware State Housing Authority

The Delaware State Housing Authority (DSHA) is a low-income public housing community with 10 locations throughout Kent and Sussex counties. UD and DSHA have collaborated to provide 4-H Afterschool Programs to youth at seven of those locations.

For the past twenty years, 4-H and DSHA have operated a site at Hickory Tree in Selbyville and the success of that program has convinced the state agency to partner with 4-H to reach all their eligible children.

DSHA provides the community rooms, computer labs at some locations, recreational space, heat/air conditioning, maintenance of facility, water, and monthly pest control at each location at no cost to UD.

The housing manager and social worker at each location assist in identifying children to attend the afterschool programs and serve on the afterschool advisory board.

David Marvel

David Marvel is a grain and vegetable farmer focused on fresh and processing vegetable production. He is the past president and current vice president of the Fruit and Vegetable Growers Association of Delaware (FVGAD).

As an officer and member he continues to serve on a number of boards and committees that connect the issue of healthy living and family farming. Under his leadership, the FVGAD started the first farm to school program in Delaware and continues to lead the way in getting farm fresh food into rural public schools in the state.

Marvel has always been a strong supporter of Delaware Cooperative Extension as evidenced by his involvement with on farm extension demonstrations, his input and overall vegetable science extension and research programs, and current and past membership on the UD and Delaware State University County Extension Advisory Boards.

Marvel is a graduate of the first Delaware LEAD Class organized by Delaware Cooperative Extension and has assisted with recruiting and training with subsequent classes. Marvel also served on the UD CANR advisory committee that provided input in the selection of the dean, Mark Rieger.

Delaware Cooperative Extension Director’s Leadership Award

The Delaware Cooperative Extension Director’s Leadership Award was given to Katy O’Connell, Michele Walfred, Adam Thomas, Christy Mannering and Troy Darden.

Rodgers cited their collective work on the successful rollout of the Cooperative Extension “Ask an Expert” service as the catalyst for the award.

Photos by Evan Krape

This article can also be viewed on UDaily.


4-H Afterschool Program holds ‘Lights On Afterschool’ event

October 24, 2013 under Cooperative Extension

Lights on After Dark helps parents see the benefit of after school programsThe 4-H Afterschool Program sponsored a ‘Lights on Afterschool’ event at Gauger-Cobbs Middle school on Thursday, Oct. 17 from 5:30-7:30 p.m. The annual event is one of thousands nationwide and is an effort of the Afterschool Alliance to shed light on afterschool programs that keep children safe, inspire learning and assist working families.

The Afterschool Alliance works consistently to ensure that children have access to affordable and quality afterschool programs.

Aiyana Lucas, a cooperative extension staff member, said that the event had roughly 50 participants, who took part in glow in the dark activities such as parents vs. students volleyball—for which they played with an LED light up volleyball—and glow in the dark hula hooping, as well as creating glow in the dark slime.

The event also featured free pizza, donated by Dominos Pizza, and had participants such as Freeman Williams, superintendent for the Christina School District.

“It’s basically a chance for the parents to see what we do and interact with other parents in the program and their children and see what’s happening,” said Lucas.

Lucas said that thanks go out to the Gauger-Cobbs parents and students who attended, Dominos for donating the pizza, the Public Allies of Delaware, the 4-H staff and Fontella Taylor and Carol Scott, both Cooperative Extension agents.


Equine Health Short Course scheduled for November

October 17, 2013 under Cooperative Extension

University of Delaware Cooperative Extension will offer a three-evening educational series on topics in horse health. All sessions will be held at the Kent County Extension Office, located at the Paradee Center in Dover, from 6:30-8:30 p.m. The short course can be attended face-to-face, or through distance technology. A registration fee and advanced registration is required.

The following topics will be covered during the course:

Wednesday, Nov. 6 – Foundations of Equine Health

▪    Basics of anatomy and physiology (cardiovascular, respiratory, and skeletal systems)

▪    Physical examination of the horse and vital signs

Thursday, Nov. 14 – Economical Veterinary Care and Lameness in Horses

▪   Special guest speaker, Michael Fugaro, VMD, professor of Equine Studies and Staff Veterinarian, Centenary College

Wednesday, Nov. 20 – Digestive Health

▪    Digestive system basics

▪    Colic in horses and gastric ulcers in horses

For more information please contact Dr. Carissa Wickens at cwickens@udel.edu or Susan Garey at (302)730-4000 or truehart@udel.edu

Click here to download the registration form.


Argo presented Joy Sparks Spirit of 4-H Award for Sussex County

October 10, 2013 under CANR News, Cooperative Extension

Mary Argo receives the Joy Sparks Spirit of 4-H awardDelaware 4-H has announced Mary Argo as the 2013 recipient of the Joy Sparks Spirit of 4-H Award for Sussex County.

Argo was honored during the Sussex County 4-H annual achievement celebration held Sept. 28 at the University of Delaware’s Carvel Research and Education Center in Georgetown before an audience of approximately 150 4-H family members and supporters.

Joy Sparks Spirit of 4-H Award winners in New Castle and Kent counties will be announced at later 4-H events.

Argo, who retired in April 2013 as Sussex 4-H educator, was surprised as her name was called and she was asked to come to the stage. In attendance to support her grandchildren in 4-H and to present the Friend of 4-H Award to volunteer leader William Campbell, Argo was continuing her career tradition of happily handing out awards to others. Her arrival on stage to accept the honor was met with a standing ovation.

“This is a surprise. I had not a clue about this,” Argo exclaimed. “I have been very, very jealous of all the people who have gone before who have won this. This is a wonderful, wonderful award. I can’t think of anyone finer to follow than Joy Sparks.”

The Joy Sparks Spirit of 4-H Award was established in 2009 in memory of the Delaware 4-H program leader who died in February of that year. The honor recognizes outstanding achievement in individuals who exhibit dedication, enthusiasm and embody 4-H values. The four H’s of the program represent “head, heart, hands and health,” which members and volunteers pledge to dedicate to their club, community and country through leadership, citizenship and the furtherance of life skills and community service.

Argo’s career began at the University of Delaware 23 years ago, and she spent the last 18 as Sussex County 4-H agent.

One of Argo’s signature events was coordinating the annual 4-H Spring Farm Tours at Green Acres Farm, an event that invites area school children to visit Delaware’s largest dairy farm, which is owned and operated by the Hopkins family of Lewes.

Each year, for two days in May, this valuable partnership welcomes between 1,500 and 2,000 youth who embark on discovery and participate in the sounds, smells and textures offered as lessons in an authentic agricultural experience — oftentimes receiving their first introduction to Cooperative Extension and the University.

With the help of Argo’s colleagues at the Carvel center, tens of thousands of young students have been reached through this one event alone during her tenure as 4-H agent.

Argo was recognized for her belief in the value of personal visits, through which she cultivated many strong community relationships throughout her career.

A particular favorite program Argo initiated was Fridays with 4-H, an after school program at La Casita in Georgetown. Every Friday, Argo introduced 4-H curriculum and experiential learning activities. The outreach program impacted hundreds of Latino youth in Sussex County and was the direct result of Argo’s networking and personal touch in her community.

“All who know Mary never fail to mention her tireless work ethic, positive outlook and enthusiastic dedication to make 4-H available to every child in Delaware,” said Mark Manno, Delaware 4-H program leader, as he read from the nomination. “She has never missed an opportunity to shine the spotlight on an accomplishment of a 4-H youth member or adult volunteer.”

Argo joined 4-H at the age of 10, as an inaugural member of the Broadkill Kool Kats 4-H Club, a club founded by her mother, Frances Millman. As an adult, Argo served as the club’s organizational leader for 12 years.

In 1986, Argo was inducted into the prestigious 4-H alumni organization known as the Sussex County 4-H Order of the Link. Two of Argo’s daughters are currently Delaware 4-H leaders, and 10 of her 11 grandchildren are currently enrolled in Delaware 4-H.

Argo was joined on stage by members of Joy Sparks’ family, brother Alex Gooden and niece Lindsay Gooden Hughes, who presented Argo with the award.

Donald Sparks, S. Hallock du Pont Chair and director of the Delaware Environmental Institute at UD, was not able to join family members at the ceremony but later said, “Mary richly deserves the 2013 Joy Sparks Spirit of 4-H Award. Her numerous contributions to Delaware 4-H will be long lasting. I wish her the very best.”

Article and photo by Michele Walfred

This article can also be viewed on UDaily.


UD Cooperative Extension offers workshops on preparing food

October 8, 2013 under Cooperative Extension

With cooking shows all over the television, interest in food preparation has increased, but there are still many individuals who don’t feel confident when making food choices and preparing their own foods.

To remedy this, University of Delaware Cooperative Extension will offer Clueless in the Kitchen? workshops throughout the fall. More than just watching how to, participants will practice cooking skills and prepare recipes under the guidance of Master Food Educators.

Clueless in the Kitchen? will be offered from 6:30-9 p.m., Wednesdays, Oct. 23, Oct. 30, Nov. 6 and Nov. 13, at the New Castle County Extension Office, 461 Wyoming Rd., Newark. Cost is $70.

UD Cooperative Extension Master Food Educator volunteers have developed a four-part series for those who need answers to their cooking problems. Through hands‐on learning and guidance by the Master Food Educator volunteers, participants will have the opportunity to learn about cooking tools and methods, kitchen and food safety, and terminology so they can begin to gain experience in preparing quick, easy and convenient recipes.

The sessions will focus on the following themes:

Session I — Just the Basics: Learn how to read recipes and determine if a recipe would be easy or complicated to prepare; learn the standard measurements and terminology used in recipes; understand the concept of a pantry and what items should be considered standard “pantry” items; understand knives as tools and practice cutting with various types of knives; and learn about food safety.

Session II — Stir fry: Using the knife skills practiced in the first session, participants will prepare vegetables for stir fry and prepare grains to serve with them. Participants will better understand stir-frying as a cooking technique and gain experience about preparing simple foods quickly.

Session III — Pasta and Sauces: This session will include recipes, concepts and basic cooking methods for Italian style pasta and sauces. Types of pasta, herbs, oils, canned tomatoes and Parmesan cheeses will be discussed. Various types of pasta and some quick, simple and tasty basic sauces will be prepared.

Session IV — Let’s Cook with Meats: Basic information on selecting, safely storing, and preparation methods for beef. Participants will practice knife skills when working with beef and will learn which cooking techniques work with which cuts of meat and prepare healthy, easy beef recipes.

The registration deadline is Oct. 17. To register for the class, download and mail in the registration form, which can be found here.


UD Cooperative Extension offers cooking program for people with diabetes

September 30, 2013 under Cooperative Extension

Diabetes is a serious, common and costly disease affecting 25 million people nationwide. In Delaware, the prevalence rate is slightly higher than that of the nation, with an estimated 66,000 Delawareans over the age of 18 currently diagnosed with diabetes, or roughly 9.7 percent of the population.

Because of this, University of Delaware Cooperative Extension has developed a Dining with Diabetes workshop to help teach those afflicted with the disease how to reduce sugar, salt and fat in foods without giving up good taste.

The program is a series of three class sessions and it includes diabetes education, cooking demonstrations and tasting of healthy foods. After each lesson, participants will take home recipes and knowledge about how to manage diabetes in their daily lives.

The classes this year will be offered from 6:30-8:30 p.m. on Tuesdays throughout October, starting on Tuesday, Oct. 8.

The classes will take place in the New Castle County Cooperative Extension office, 461 Wyoming Road, Newark, and the cost for the three-class session is $45.

There will also be classes offered in Sussex County on Nov. 7, 14, and 21 from 10:30 a.m.-12:30 p.m. These classes will take place in the Harbeson United Methodist Church Hall, 18636 Harbeson Road, and the cost for these three sessions is also $45.

Attendance is limited to the first 50 people to register.

For more information on the New Castle County sessions, call 302-831-1239 or visit the Dining with Diabetes website.

For more information on the Sussex County sessions, call 302-730-4000 or visit the Dining with Diabetes website.


Stop and Proceed with Caution During Harvest Season

September 5, 2013 under Cooperative Extension

On a cold, November day, a mid-western farmer was digging postholes on his farm when his coat sleeve became entangled in the machinery. In an instant, his left arm dangled by a few tendons below the elbow, and his spinal cord was bruised. This 45-year-old farmer now has use of both hands, but must use a wheelchair and is considered quadriplegic.

In an interview the farmer considered himself to be somewhat safe, but admitted that he still held on to some unsafe work practices. He admitted that he had been doing some things for so many years that he didn’t think of them as dangerous.

According to the National Safety Council farming is currently the most hazardous industry in the United States. Despite advances in equipment safety and more farm safety educational campaigns, farming has not realized the reductions in injuries that construction and other industries have. Farmers still get caught in augers, pinned under heavy equipment, entangled in combines and suffocated in grain bins. Injury surveys have shown that farmers are six times more likely to be killed in work-related accidents than workers in other industries.

The leading cause of death and traumatic injuries continues to be tractors and farm machinery. With harvest season upon us now is a critical time to slow down and proceed with caution. Being safe is not complicated but it does require diligence and consistency. It is a matter of adhering to safety procedures for equipment operation, providing training and close supervision of employees, keeping children out of the workplace, and establishing safety as a core value.

The time pressures are often cited as a reason for so many farm accidents. It is interesting to note that most injuries and accidents happen during planting and harvesting when the time pressures peak. Farmers are rushing to get a lot done in a limited time and working longer hours. The pressure is certainly greater when farmers are also working off the farm. This is the case on more than 3 out of every 4 farms in the Mid-Atlantic area.

Production agriculture lacks a uniform work force. We have the young and elderly working alongside the breadwinner. There are people with varying degrees of intellect, skills and physical abilities. The situation is critical with children and aging farmers who want to remain active. With children we need to be ever cognizant of cognitive and developmental issues and with the aging farmer we need to recognize that senses and abilities are not what they use to be. It is not surprising that the risks are higher for the young and the elderly. That means extra supervision is needed and more care should be exercised when assigning tasks.

Prepare an emergency action plan and review it often with all family members and workers on your farm. Include steps to handle various incidents that could occur on your farm to include providing first aid care and treatment, tractor and machinery shut off procedures, fire extinguisher use, and develop a communication plan to call 911 and other necessary resources in an emergency.

Take time right now to think about safety in your farm business. Develop a sound safety philosophy and written plan and hold employees accountable. Remember that accidents don’t just happen – they are caused. That means they are preventable!

Safety is a value! Make it a core value on your farm and your farm will be a safer place to live and work. It also means that you will be reaping safety in addition to a crop this harvest season!

Submitted by Ron Jester on behalf of Mid-Atlantic Agrability/Delaware Cooperative Extension