August 13, 2011 – Minneapolis, Minnesota
(written by James Hearsum, photography by Ashby Leavell)
Few cities enjoy the benefit of a visionary parks department: One that takes a leadership role in economic development, is a broker of community creation and that does this whilst integrating citywide networks of facilities, recreation and environmental services. Fewer still have the resources and political clout to deliver. That Minneapolis is one of this select group is evident to anyone enjoying the city on a fine summer day, as we did.
The view from the Guthrie Museum to the former railroad Stone Arch Bridge over the Mississippi River
Guided by John Erwin, a Parks Commissioner, the Longwood Graduate Fellows sought the answer to this question – How is it achieved?
As John conducted a whirlwind tour, we visited The Peace Gardens, Rose Garden and The Annuals and Perennial Border. All were immaculately maintained by staff and volunteers, and clearly loved by Minneapolitans. A real pride and care by the public is evident throughout the system. On a Saturday afternoon, the parks were well used, with all types of recreation happening around Lake Calhoun.
Flower vendors at the vibrant famers market at Mill City
It was always evident that the parks comprised a complete system, a network of places and links, tied to specific communities. A visit to a section of the Grand Rounds, a 53 mile loop of lakes in the heart of the city, showed that they were used both as a destination; for beaches, canoeing, eating, picnicking – and as a route; for jogging, walking, commuting.
John Erwin describes a map of the Grand Rounds in Minneapolis, the only National Scenic Byway located in a major city in the US.
The concept of networks also dominated a presentation by Mary deLaittre, Project Manager for the Minneapolis Riverfront Development Initiative. Using the advantage of semi-autonomy from the city to great advantage, this project has developed and designed a strategic physical master plan for a 5.5 mile section of the Mississippi River bank, completing the parks path and bike network in challenging industrial and multiuse spaces. More than this, it seeks to connect existing parks and recreation assets to a wider system and create new interfaces between communities, using the Mississippi as its central corridor. In addition to all this, it has an economic mission to spur development, as in the district now developed around the beautiful Guthrie Theater (led by a $30 million investment in the area by Parks and Recreation). It also seeks to create integrated environmental systems, manage storm water, recreate habitats – all whilst maintaining industrial use and jobs.
Looking out on the ruins at the Mill City Museum, once the world’s largest flour mill
So what is the secret? – Yes, Minneapolis Parks have more autonomy, more money, and more public support than many parks. But this alone doesn’t explain it. Rather, two things stood out. Firstly, visionary leadership at all levels in the organization. Secondly, a truly comprehensive approach to parks – the integration and consideration of all elements as important to the system. In practice, this means that no one factor dominates, but all are considered – economic, environmental, community, recreation and industry. It recognizes that people have complex needs, and seeks to address them comprehensively.
Posing with John Erwin, our generous guide for the day and Chair of Minneapolis Parks Department and Professor of Hort. Science at the University of Minnesota
Wow! Our thanks to Minneapolis for a wonderful day in your parks, and please, if you are lucky enough to live here, don’t take them for granted – they are truly extraordinary.