Vegetable Crop Insects

Joanne Whalen, Extension IPM Specialist; jwhalen@udel.edu

Asparagus
The first asparagus beetles can be found actively laying eggs on asparagus spears. As a general guideline, a treatment is recommended if 2% of the spears are infested with eggs. Since adults will also feed on the spears, a treatment is recommended if 5% of the plants are infested with adults.

Cabbage
Begin scouting fields for imported cabbage worm and diamondback larvae. With the increase in temperature, we could see an increase in moth egg laying activity. As a general guideline, a treatment is recommended if you find 5% of the plants infested with larvae. If both insect species are present, Avaunt, the Bt insecticides, Proclaim, Rimon or Spintor have provided control. Radiant is now also labeled on cabbage for both insect species.

Peas
Be sure to sample peas for pea aphids as soon as small seedlings emerge. On small plants, you should sample for aphids by counting the number of aphids on 10 plants in 10 locations throughout a field. On larger plants, take 10 sweeps in 10 locations. As a general guideline, a treatment is recommended if you find 5-10 aphids per plant or 50 or more aphids per sweep. Be sure to check labels for application restrictions during bloom.

Sweet Corn
As soon as plants emerge from the ground, be sure to sample fields for flea beetles and cutworms. As a general guideline, treatments should be applied for cutworms if you find 3% cut plants or 10% leaf feeding. In order to get an accurate estimate of flea beetle populations, fields should be scouted midday when beetles are active. A treatment will be needed if 5% of the plants are infested with beetles.

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