Vegetable Crop Insects – May 21, 2010

Joanne Whalen, Extension IPM Specialist; jwhalen@udel.edu

Melons
Continue to scout all melons for aphids, cucumber beetles, and spider mites. We are starting to find cucumber beetles, especially in cantaloupe fields. As soon as we get a day of warm, sunny weather we could see a significant increase in activity. So be sure to scout carefully since damage can occur quickly. Since beetles can continue to re-infest fields as well as hide under the plastic, multiple applications are often needed to achieve control. Foliar products labeled for cucumber beetle control on melons include Assail, a number of pyrethroids, Lannate, Sevin and Thionex. The Actara label only states cucumber beetle suppression. Be sure to check all labels for rates, precautions and restrictions, especially as they apply to pollinators.

Peppers
Continue to sample for thrips and corn borers. On young plants, corn borer larvae can bore into the stems and petioles. In areas where peppers are isolated or corn is growing slowly, moths are often attracted to young pepper plants. Therefore, you should watch for corn borer moths laying eggs in all fields. As a general guideline, treatment may be needed if there is no corn in the area or you are using rye strips as windbreaks. You should also look for egg masses on the leaves. For the most recent trap catches, you can check our website at (http://ag.udel.edu/extension/IPM/traps/latestblt.html) or call the Crop Pest Hotline (in state: 1-800-345-7544; out of state: 302-831-8851).

Snap Beans
Continue to sample all seedling stage fields for leafhopper and thrips activity. The thrips threshold is 5-6 per leaflet and the leafhopper threshold is 5 per sweep. If both insects are present, the threshold for each should be reduced by 1/3. If both insects are present, Lannate, bifenthrin, Proaxis and Warrior (lambda-cyhalothrin) are labeled for both insect pests on snap beans. Be sure to check labels for comments on thrips management. In addition, be sure to watch for bean leaf beetle. Damage appears as circular holes in leaves and significant defoliation can quickly occur. As a general guideline, a treatment should be considered if defoliation exceeds 20% prebloom. A pyrethroid, dimethoate or Sevin are labeled for control.

Sweet Corn
Continue to sample for cutworms and flea beetles. As a general guideline, treatments should be applied if you find 3% cut plants or 10% leaf feeding. In order to get an accurate estimate of flea beetle populations, fields should be scouted mid-day when beetles are active. A treatment will be needed if 5% of the plants are infested with beetles. Small corn borer larvae can be found in the whorls of the earliest planted fields. A treatment should be applied if 15% of the plants are infested. Corn earworms can also be found in light traps and pheromone traps. In sweet corn planted under plastic, silk sprays will be needed for corn borer and corn earworm as soon as ear shanks are visible. For the most recent trap catches, you can check our website at (http://ag.udel.edu/extension/IPM/traps/latestblt.html) or call the Crop Pest Hotline (in state: 1-800-345-7544; out of state: 302-831-8851).

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