Vegetable Crop Insects

Joanne Whalen, Extension IPM Specialist; jwhalen@udel.edu

New Insecticide Registrations
Bayer Crop Science recently received federal and state registrations for their new active ingredient flubendamide. It is the active ingredient in Belt and Synapse. Belt is labeled for sweet corn. Synapse is labeled for a number of vegetables. See labels for use rates and restrictions. They have not been posted to CDMS yet. Bayer also received registration for another new active ingredient spirotetramt which will be sold under the trade name, Movento. It is labeled for aphid and whitefly control on a number of vegetable crops. Please see labels for use rates, restrictions and labeled crops (http://www.cdms.net/LDat/ld8L5005.pdf).

Cabbage
Continue to sample for cabbage looper, diamondback larvae and harlequin bug. Although the pyrethroids will provide control of harlequin bugs they are not effective on diamondback in our area. So be sure to scout and select control options based on the complex of insects present in the field.

Cucumbers
Be sure to watch for an increase in cucumber beetle and aphid populations. Fresh market cucumbers are susceptible to bacterial wilt, so treatments should be applied before beetles feed extensively on cotyledons and first true leaves. Although pickling cucumbers have a tolerance to wilt, a treatment may still be needed for machine-harvested pickling cucumbers when 5% of plants are infested with beetles and/or plants are showing fresh feeding injury. A treatment should be applied for aphids if 10 to 20 percent of the plants are infested with aphids with 5 or more aphids per leaf.

Lima Beans
Continue to scout for spider mites, stink bugs and lygus bugs. Be sure to sample for corn earworm larvae as soon as pin pods are present. A treatment will be needed if you find one corn earworm larvae per 6 ft-of-row.

Melons
Continue to scout all melons for aphids, cucumber beetles, and spider mites. We continue to see an increase in aphid populations. Treatments should be applied before populations explode and leaf curling occurs.

Peppers
In areas where corn borers are being caught in local traps, fields should be sprayed on a 7-day schedule for corn borer control. As soon as corn borer trap catches increase to above 10 per night, a 5 to 7-day schedule may be needed. Since trap catches can increase quickly at this time of year, be sure to check local moth catches in your area by calling the Crop Pest Hotline (in state: 1-800-345-7544; out of state: 302-831-8851) or visiting our website at (http://ag.udel.edu/extension/IPM/traps/latestblt.html). We continue to find beet armyworms (BAW) so be sure to watch for feeding signs and apply treatments before significant webbing occurs. You will also need to consider a treatment for pepper maggot. We continue to find aphids in fields and populations can explode quickly, especially where beneficial insect activity is low. As a general guideline, treatment may be needed if you find one or more aphids per leaf and beneficial activity is low.

Snap Beans
At this time of year, you will need to consider a treatment for both corn borer and corn earworms. Sprays are needed at the bud and pin stages on processing beans for corn borer control. An earworm spray may also be needed at the pin stage. Just as a reminder, Orthene (acephate) will not provide effective corn earworm control in processing snap beans. If Orthene is used for corn borer control you will need to combine it with a corn earworm material (e.g. a pyrethroid). You will need to check our website for the most recent trap catches to help decide on the spray interval between the pin stage and harvest for processing snap beans (http://ag.udel.edu/extension/IPM/traps/latestblt.html and http://ag.udel.edu/extension/IPM/thresh/snapbeanecbthresh.html). Once pins are present on fresh market snap beans, a 7 to 10-day schedule should be maintained for corn borer and corn earworm control.

Spinach
As the earliest planted spinach emerges from the ground, be sure to watch for webworms and beet armyworms. Controls should be applied when worms are small and before they have moved deep into the hearts of the plants. Also, remember that both insects can produce webbing on the plants.

Sweet Corn
The first silk sprays will be needed as soon as ear shanks are visible. Be sure to check both blacklight and pheromone trap catches for silk spray schedules since the spray schedules can quickly change. Trap catches are generally updated on Tuesday and Friday mornings (http://ag.udel.edu/extension/IPM/traps/latestblt.html and

http://ag.udel.edu/extension/IPM/thresh/silkspraythresh.html). You can also call the Crop Pest Hotline (in state: 1-800-345-7544; out of state: 302-831-8851). A whorl stage treatment should be considered for fall armyworm when 12-15% of the plants are infested. Since fall armyworm feed deep in the whorls, sprays should be directed into the whorls and multiple applications are often needed to achieve control. At this time of year you will need to combine a fall armyworm material with a pyrethroid for the first 2-3 silk sprays for fall armyworm control. Be sure to check all labels for days to harvest and maximum amount allowed per acre.

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