Posts Tagged ‘17:2’

WCU Volume 17, Issue 2 – March 27, 2009

Friday, March 27th, 2009

PDF Version of WCU 17:2 – March 27, 2009

In this issue:

Water Testing for Produce Food Safety
Fungicide Update for Vegetables 2009
Fungicide Guide for Managing Resistance of Fungi on Vegetable Crops Available Online

Agronomic Crops
Soybean Cyst Nematode Survey to be Conducted in 2009
Watch Soil Temperatures When Planting Corn
Still Time for Frost-Crack Seeding of Pastures
Spring Wake-Up of Pasture and Hay Fields
Grain Marketing Highlights

LEADelaware is Accepting Applications
New Farm Bill Meeting in Marland – March 31
New Farm Bill Workshops in Delaware – April 1, April 8, April 9
Produce Food Safety Certification Training in Georgetown – April 2, April 9
Guinea Fowl International Association Annual Conference in Georgetown – April 3-5
Pasture Walk Featuring Netherfield Estate – May 2


Upcoming Delaware Farm Bill Workshops

Friday, March 27th, 2009

Wednesday, April 1, 2009     7:00 p.m.
Carvel Research and Education Center
16483 County Seat Highway
Georgetown, DE

Wednesday, April, 8, 2009     7:00 p.m.
USDA Service Center- Kent Field Office
800 Bay Road, Suite #2
Dover, DE

Thursday, April 9, 2009     1:00 p.m.
Carvel Research and Education Center
16483 County Seat Highway
Georgetown, DE

Will my operation’s eligibility be affected by new limits for adjusted gross income? Are there any incentives for beginning farmers or historically underserved customers? Have cost-share rates changed? Are there opportunities for organic or forestry operations? These and many more questions will be answered at a series of 2008 Farm Bill workshops hosted by the USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS).

The farm bill is the primary agricultural and food policy tool of our Federal government. Some of the changes outlined in this legislation simplify existing programs and create new ones to address high priority environmental goals-affecting farmers for years to come. The NRCS programs staff has planned three workshops to clarify how these changes might affect Delaware producers. You may be familiar with some of these changes; however, this is your opportunity to receive a more in-depth explanation. A question-and-answer period will be held at the end of each workshop.

For more information on the workshops, please contact your local NRCS Field Office in Kent County (302) 741-2600 x 3, New Castle County (302) 832-3100 x 3, or Sussex County (302) 856-3990 x 3. For more information on the 2008 Farm Bill, visit and click on “2008 Farm Bill.”

New Farm Bill Meeting in Maryland

Friday, March 27th, 2009

Tuesday, March 31, 2009     9:00 – 11:30 a.m.
Thendara 4-H Center
6275 Lord’s Crossing Rd.
Hurlock, MD 21643

Learn about the new farm bill, known as the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008. The 2008 Farm Bill is approximately 50% larger than the previous farm bill, with 15 titles and more than 600 provisions. Gain important information that can help you plan farm production and business decisions for the future.

Program Topics
Supplemental Revenue Assistance (SURE)
Farm Storage Facility Loan Program
Average Crop Revenue Election (ACRE)
Conservation Programs (EQIP, WHIP, AMA)

Call (410) 228-8800 by March 27 to register.

Pasture Walk Featuring Netherfield Estate

Friday, March 27th, 2009

Saturday May 2, 2009     2:00-4:00 p.m.
50185 Hays Beach Road
Scotland, MD 20687
Hosts: Ruth & Peter Pry

There will be a tour of host farm highlighting conservation practices. Learn about pasture and hay management, soil testing and nutrient management, cost share incentive programs, manure composting, watering facilities, and more.

Elmer Dengler
Grazing Specialist, USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS)
Les Vough
Forage Systems Management Consultant, RCS Southern Maryland RC & D
Bruce Young
District Manager, St. Mary’s Soil Conservation District
Terry Heinard
District Conservationist, USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS)
Ben Beale
Extension Agent, St. Mary’s County Extension

This event is FREE!!
Advance registration is required. Please RSVP by April 25 to Sara Lewis at
St. Mary’s County Soil Conservation District: (301) 475-8402 ext. 3 or

From Lexington Park: Go SOUTH on MD-235 S/Three Notch Rd. (12 mi). Turn SLIGHT LEFT onto MD-5. (1.4 mi). Turn LEFT onto Fresh Pond Neck Rd. (.8 mi) Stay STRAIGHT to go onto Hays Beach Rd.. (.8 mi). Parking is on right side, follow signs.
From Waldorf :  Take Route 5 South. Continue to follow MD-5 S. (18 mi). MD-5 S becomes MD-235 S/Three Notch Rd.. (30.4 mi). Turn SLIGHT LEFT onto MD-5. (1.4 mi). Turn LEFT onto Fresh Pond Neck Rd. (.8 mi) Stay STRAIGHT to go onto Hays Beach Rd. (.8 mi). Parking is on right side, follow signs.
From Lusby: Go SOUTH on MD-2 S/MD-4 S/MD (13 mi.). Turn LEFT onto MD-235 S/Three Notch Rd. (16.5 mi). Turn SLIGHT LEFT onto MD-5. (1.4 mi). Turn LEFT onto Fresh Pond Neck Rd. (.8 mi) Stay STRAIGHT to go onto Hays Beach Rd. (.8 mi). Parking is on right side, follow signs

Guinea Fowl International Association Annual Conference

Friday, March 27th, 2009

Friday April 3 Sunday April 5, 2009
Carvel Research & Education Center
16483 County Seat Hwy.
Georgetown, DE

The Guinea Fowl International Association (GFIA) is holding its annual conference dedicated to the education of Guinea and small flock owners.

The conference will be held April 3-5, 2009 in Georgetown, DE. This is the first time the Guinea Fowl Convention is being held on the Delmarva Peninsula! Take advantage of this fun and educational 3 day event.

Registration is $35 for GFIA members and $45 for non-members. Single day attendance is $18. A variety of speakers will be presenting on various topics that range from profiting from a small flock, why keep guineas, common parasites, feeding and nutrition for guineas, housing, preparing birds for show, judging guineas, along with many other exciting topics.

For inquiries, or to reach a local GFIA member, please contact Hedy McCarter (410) 341-4343 or Dr. Brigid McCrea, Delaware State University Poultry Specialist (302) 857-6432 or you can register on-line at

Voluntary Food Safety Certification Training Sessions Offered April 2 & 9 in Georgetown

Friday, March 27th, 2009

Training will be offered for both Small Scale and Wholesale Producers at the Sussex County Extension Office in April. 

Level 1 (Small Scale) Training Session (3hrs)
Date: Thursday, April 2
Time: 6:00-9:00 p.m.
Dinner Provided
Registration: Call Kim Lewis at 302-856-2585 ext. 542 or by March 31.

Level 2 (Wholesale) Training Sessions (6 hrs total)
Dates: Thursday, April 2 & Thursday, April 9 
Time: 6:00-9:00 p.m. on both dates
Dinner Provided
Registration: Call Kim Lewis at 302-856-2585 ext. 542 or by March 31.

Not Sure Which Session to Attend?  

Level 1 Training: (Good Agricultural Practices (GAP) only, one session – 3 hrs)
This training is for growers who sell to the end user or have such limited wholesale that they can trace produce back without formal traceback procedures.  This training is for growers who market only through:

  • Direct market (roadside stand and farmers market)
  • U-Pick
  • CSA
  • Limited local wholesale (sell only small amounts to three or fewer shops, restaurants, local small stores or local farm stands)

Level 2 Training: (Good Agricultural Practices (GAP) and Good Handling Practices (GHP), two sessions – 3 hrs each and includes writing your own produce food safety plan).  

This training is for:

  • Growers who should have a produce food safety plan and traceback procedures in place.
    Growers who need to have a third party audit or are being requested to have a third party audit by buyers.
    All growers that also have packing operations or packing sheds for the wholesale market.
  • Growers who deliver wholesale to any supermarkets or chains.
  • Growers who deliver wholesale to more than three farm stands, restaurants, local shops, or stores.
  • Growers who sell at auctions (no matter what quantity).
  • Growers who sell to food service companies, food distributors, packers, repackers, or other produce wholesalers.
  • Growers who sell to terminal markets or wholesale markets.
  • Growers who sell to schools, government entities, or institutions.

Consider your future plans when attending. If you plan to start wholesaling as part of your business in the future, you should attend Level 2 training.

Questions?  Contact Cory Whaley at (302) 856-2585 ext 594, or Tracy Wootten at (302) 856-2585 ext. 538,

We look forward to seeing you in April.

Grain Marketing Highlights

Friday, March 27th, 2009

Carl German, Extension Crops Marketing Specialist;

Profit Taking and Position Squaring Ahead of Planting Intentions Report
Profit taking and position squaring ahead of USDA’s March 31 Planting Intentions Report has taken some of the steam out of the late arriving seasonal rally for U.S. corn and soybeans. The resumption of the rally and the extent will depend to some degree upon planting intentions and weather conditions for planting progress. Of course Wall Street and the government’s battle to stave off economic disaster will also weigh in on these markets in the weeks ahead.

Corn Analysis
Non-Commercial/speculative traders are currently net long in corn after being heavily short just three weeks ago, according to the Commitments of Traders Report issued March 17. Burdensome old crop supply is likely to stymie the seasonal rally until acreage intentions and crop progress become known for the ’09 crop. Wet weather in the Midwest is threatening to slow row crop planting this spring.

The export sales report for the week ending March 19 showed U.S. corn sales at 46.9 million bushels, well above pre-report estimates and what was needed to meet USDA’s projection of 1.7 billion bushels for the ’08/’09 marketing year. Shipments were reported at 30.6 million bushels, below that needed to stay on pace with projections.

Soybean Analysis
The Commitments of Traders report showed mixed activity by fund traders. Old crop soybeans are viewed as being in short supply, with traders looking for a marked increase in U.S. soybean plantings for the ’09 cropping season.

The U.S. Census Bureau reported soybeans crushed at 135.6 million bushels for the month of February, slightly above the pre-report estimate but significantly below last year’s February crush rate of 144.4 million bushels. Bean oil stocks of 3.027 billion pounds were slightly higher than last month’s 2.933 billion pounds. Meal stocks of 434.7 thousand short tons, were above the February ’08 number of 331 thousand short tons.

The export sales report showed sales at 15.8 million bushels, above the 6.4 million bushels needed to meet USDA’s projection of 1.185 billion bushels. Shipments were also above that needed to keep pace with projections.

Wheat Analysis
The net short position of large scale trend-following funds was reported to have scaled back some as of the week ending March 17. Rain is forecast in the dry Southwest and Southern Plains. Large portions of the SRW wheat growing area are currently reported to be wet.

The weekly export sales report showed sales of 9.7 million bushels, above what’s needed to keep pace with USDA’s’08/’09 marketing year projection of 980 million bushels. Shipments were also reported to be above that needed to stay on pace.  

Market Strategy
In a normal year, the March 31 Planting Intentions Report would not generally be viewed as mattering all that much. The actual acreage report isn’t published until the end of June. The difference this year seems to be two-fold. First, a significant acreage increase is anticipated for U.S. soybean production for the ’09 crop year as compared to last year. That can have a significant impact on the dynamics of the market and ending stock projections, placing a premium on old crop soybeans while limiting upside potential for the new crop. In fact we are already observing the anticipation of a large acreage increase with an inverted soybean market. Second, the commodity markets, as most other markets, are looking for anything to provide them with direction. Remember, markets do not like uncertainty. Although a long shot, the planting intentions report is being held out as being something that can clear up some of the uncertainty being held out for the corn and soybean markets. To some degree that may be true, however, anticipation of larger soybean acres and smaller to equal corn acres has already been factored into the markets. New crop Dec corn futures are currently trading at $4.21; Nov soybean futures at $8.81; and July SRW wheat futures at $5.25 per bushel. For technical assistance on making grain marketing decisions contact Carl L. German, Extension Crops Marketing Specialist.

Spring Wake-Up of Pasture and Hay Fields

Friday, March 27th, 2009

Richard Taylor, Extension Agronomist;

It’s hoped that your pastures and hay fields have made it successfully through another winter. Now it’s time to get pastures actively growing for the needed grazing to extend your hay supplies or reduce the need to buy more hay and it’s time for hay fields to green up and be ready for the first good hay making weather later this spring. Many of our hay and pasture fields have had a relatively hard winter with little snow cover and some very cold temperatures.

If the stands have thinned a little or if you just want to speed up growth this spring to be able to graze earlier or boost spring hay yields, now is the time to add a bit of nitrogen (N) to give the grasses a boost. If the field has a good amount of legume present, you should restrict the amount of N applied at any one time to no more than about 30 lbs N/acre. However if few legumes are present in the field, then addition of 50 to 75 lbs N/acre will stimulate the grass to grow and fill in bare spots or at least tiller out fully to help shade out weeds that might try to fill in any void spots.

Unless your soil test shows low to very low levels of phosphorus (P) and potassium (K), you should wait until after the first hay harvest or early to mid-June to apply the P and K that might be required according to your soil test recommendations or your nutrient management plan. Generally, the freezing and thawing and other reactions that occur over the winter months will release enough available K and P to support spring forage growth.

Still Time for Frost-Crack Seeding of Pastures

Friday, March 27th, 2009

Richard Taylor, Extension Agronomist;

Frost crack seeding is an inexpensive means of establishing or reestablishing legumes in pasture or hay fields. This method is ideally suited to fields too small or irregularly shaped in which to use large equipment. It is most appropriate for use with small-seeded legumes such as white, ladino, or red clover, although it has been used with grasses and, on rare occasion, with larger-seeded legumes such as hairy vetch and alfalfa (low probability of success). If done at the correct time and managed properly to improve the success rate, frost crack seeding can be a very inexpensive tool available to all forage producers regardless of size and level of technology.

The principle involved in frost crack seeding is to seed during late winter or very early spring when freezing and thawing of the soil is producing frost action with ice crystals coming out of the ground and opening cracks in the soil. If the legume or grass is broadcast over the field surface the freezing, thawing, and refreezing will incorporate the seed to some degree into the soil to enhance germination. Also, the seed is present during a cool, moist time that favors legume germination before summer annual weeds germinate. Usually, this occurs between late January and late February although this year we’re still having favorable conditions even this late in March.

In frost seedings, either the frost action or livestock activity is used to control competing vegetation, prepare a seedbed, cover the seeds, and provide seed to soil contact for germination. If there is not sufficient frost action after applying seed and animals are available, allow animals to walk the pastures to tread seed into the soil surface. This should be done only when the soil is firm enough so that the cattle or horses will not punch through the sod and push the seed too deep into the soil.

Grass seedings may not be successful with the frost crack method. It is likely that the smaller seeded grasses (timothy, Kentucky bluegrass, and orchardgrass) will be the most easily established with this method. The success rate can be increased if the field is mowed or grazed very short in the fall or winter before seeding. Results of the seeding often are not evident until at least midsummer. The legume or grass plants are very small early and will need as much sunlight and as little competition as possible to allow them to become established. Fields grazed down to 3 or 4-inch stubble will have a higher probability of success. Hay fields where existing vegetation can not be controlled to reduce its competition with the new seedlings will see far fewer surviving seedlings than in pasture situations.

Of the legumes that have been successfully over-seeded into cool-season grasses, red clover is the most productive, ladino clover is the easiest and least expensive to establish, and annual lespedeza is the most versatile. Red clover generally will not survive more than two years due to the buildup of disease organisms in the soil. White or ladino clover are shallow rooted with surface stolons but can survive for many years if adequate soil moisture is available and harvest management is favorable. Under the best conditions, frost seedings succeed in only three or four years out of five but remain a less expensive option for producers who must rent or otherwise obtain no-till seeders. The lack of good soil-to-seed contact increases the risk of failure and even in successful years it often means that although the percentage of legume is increased the legume stand is not uniform. This often is acceptable to grazers but not to hay producers.

Watch Soil Temperatures When Planting Corn

Friday, March 27th, 2009

Richard Taylor, Extension Agronomist;

With temperatures in Delaware bouncing from below freezing in the mornings to only the 40s or 50s in the afternoons, corn growers need to curb any impatience they feel about getting that early jump on corn planting until after the soil temperature in the upper few inches of soil warms above 50°F and prospects are for it to continue to rise. Corn germination and growth does not start until the soil temperature at seeding depth is 50°F or greater. Soil temperatures that fluctuate around 50°F or remain in the low 50s for extended periods lead to slow, variable corn emergence that can have strong negative consequences on yield potential.

If the number of acres that you’ll eventually plant to corn necessitates that you get a very early start, I suggest you plant first those fields that are likely to have the lowest yield potential. Save your highest yielding fields and hybrids to plant during the ideal planting window of April 20 to May 5. By planting your best fields during this window, you will ensure the best possible stand and yield. You also should increase your farm-wide average yields in this way.