Posts Tagged ‘17:27’

WCU Volume 17, Issue 27 – September 18, 2009

Friday, September 18th, 2009

PDF Version of WCU 17:27 – September 18, 2009

In this issue:

Last Issue of Weekly Crop Update for 2009

End of the Season Vegetable Disease Notes
Fall Strawberry Notes

Agronomic Crops
Agronomic Crop Insects
Soybean Disease Update
Check Corn for Lodging Potential
Preplant Weed Control in No-Till Small Grains
Grain Marketing Highlights

WREC Pumpkin and Sweet Corn Twilight Meeting – September 22
Pole Lima Breeding Line Evaluation @ Georgetown – September 24
Equine Pasture Walk – September 29
Grass Finished Livestock Conference – October 23 & 24
Mid-Atlantic Crop Management School – November 17 – 19
New Castle County Produce Food Safety Training – November 16 & 30
Delaware Ag Week 2010 – January 18 – 23
Annie’s Project in Maryland and Delaware: Risk Management Education for Farm Women
2010 Regional Women in Ag Conference – February 16 – 17


2010 Regional Women in Ag Conference

Friday, September 18th, 2009

February 16 & 17, 2010
Dover Downs Hotel and Conference Center
Dover, DE

Go to for more information or contact Laurie Wolinski at

Annie’s Project in Maryland and Delaware: Risk Management Education for Farm Women

Friday, September 18th, 2009

About Annie’s Project
Annie was a woman who grew up in a small town in Northern Illinois. Her goal was to marry a farmer and she did. Annie spent her lifetime learning how to be an involved business partner with her farm husband. Together they did great things, but it wasn’t easy. This is Annie’s Project – to take her experiences and share them with farm women living and working in a complex business.

Annie’s project is designed to empower farm women to manage information systems used in critical decision-making processes and to build local networks throughout the state. The target audience is farm women with a passion for business and involvement in the farm operation.

Project Topics cover the five areas of Risk Management: Production, Market, Financial, Legal Risk, Human Resources.

This includes topics such as estate planning, farm insurance, crop insurance, marketing, business planning, two evenings in the computer lab using Excel and QuickBooks and much more!

Wednesdays 6-9 p.m.

01/27/10 02/24/10
02/03/10 03/03/10
02/10/10 03/10/10
02/17/10 03/17/10

● Anne Arundel Economic Development Corporation, Annapolis, MD
● Carroll Community College, Westminster, MD
● Cecil County Extension Office, Elkton, MD
● Chesapeake College, Wye Mills, MD
● Garret College, McHenry, MD
● New Castle County Extension Office, Newark, DE
● SMECO Auditorium, Hughesville, MD
● Carvel Research & Education Center, Georgetown, DE
● Washington County Extension Office, Boonsboro, MD

For registration information contact Jenny Rhodes (410) 758-0166 or Shannon Dill (410) 822-1244. Or check the website at

Funding for this project was provided by the Northeast Center for Risk Management Education, the USDA Cooperative State Research, Education and Extension Service.

Delaware Agriculture Week 2010

Friday, September 18th, 2009

Monday, January 18 – Saturday, January 23, 2010

The University of Delaware Cooperative Extension, Delaware State University Cooperative Extension and the Delaware Department of Agriculture are again cooperating to organize a week of agricultural-related events.

The following General Agenda outlines the various meetings and events that are planned and their approximate times. Most will take place at the Delaware State Fairgrounds. The associated trade show will take place in the Dover Building from Tuesday January 19th to Thursday January 21st.

A special Friends of Agriculture Breakfast with Michael Scuse, USDA Deputy Under Secretary for Farm and Foreign Agricultural Services on Friday, January 15 at the Harrington Fire Hall will kick off Ag Week.

The detailed session agendas will be available online by November 25th and the completed program will be mailed out in December. Delaware and Maryland Pesticide Recertification credits, Nutrient Management credits and CCA credits will be offered.

Check the website for updates:

Ag Week General Agenda

Monday, January 18
Turf Workshop
State Fairgrounds – 1 to 4 PM

Grain Marketing Strategies
State Fairgrounds – 1 PM to 4 PM

Fruit Session
State Fairgrounds – 6 to 9 PM

Hay and Pasture Evening Session
State Fairgrounds – 6 to 9 PM

Tuesday, January 19
Fruit & Vegetable Growers Assn. of Delaware Annual Meeting
State Fairgrounds
General Session – 9 AM  to Noon
Fresh Market/Vine Crops – 1:30  to 4:30 PM

Fruit & Vegetable Growers Assn. Banquet
Harrington Fire Hall – 6 PM

Hay and Pasture Day-Time Sessions
State Fairgrounds – 9 AM to 4:30 PM

Equine Pasture & Nutrient Management Session
State Fairgrounds – 6 to 9 PM

Small Ruminant Session
State Fairgrounds – 6 to 9 PM

Wednesday, January 20
Fruit & Vegetable Growers Assn. of Delaware Annual Meeting
State Fairgrounds
Processing Crops Session – 9 AM to Noon

Direct Marketing Session
State Fairgrounds – 9 AM to Noon

Poultry Nutrient Management
Carvel REC, Georgetown – 9 AM to Noon

Irrigation Management Session
State Fairgrounds – 1:30 to 4:30 PM

Poultry Nutrient Management
State Fairgrounds – 6 to 9 PM

Small Flock Poultry
State Fairgrounds – 6 to 9 PM

Beef Session
State Fairgrounds – 6 to 9 PM

Thursday, January 21
Agronomy/Soybean Sessions
State Fairgrounds – 9 AM to 3 PM

Pollination Session
State Fairgrounds – 9 AM – Noon

Greenhouse IPM Session
State Fairgrounds – 9 AM to Noon

Ag Industry Dinner
Modern Maturity Center

Saturday, January 23
Delaware Organic Growers Association
Paradee Center, Dover – 9 AM to 4 PM

Mid-Atlantic Crop Management School

Friday, September 18th, 2009

November 17 – 19, 2009
Princess Royale Hotel and Conference Center
Ocean City, MD

About the School
The Mid-Atlantic Crop Management School offers a 2 ½ day format with a variety of breakout sessions. Individuals needing training in soil and water, nutrient management, crop management and pest management can create their own schedule by choosing from 5 program options offered each hour. Emphasis is placed on new and advanced information with group discussion and interaction encouraged.

Who Should Attend
This school is designed for anyone interested in crop management issues, including:
● agronomists
● crop consultants
● extension educators
● farmers and farm managers
● pesticide dealers, distributors, and applicators
● seed and agrichemical company representatives
● soil conservationists
● state department of agriculture personnel

The early registration deadline is October 16, 2009. Go to for session schedules and registration information.

If you have questions, please contact Dr. Bob Kratochvil at (301) 405-6241 or

New Castle County Food Safety Training: Good Agricultural Practices, Good Handling Practices for Produce Growers, Packers and Shippers

Friday, September 18th, 2009

Keeping Food Safe is a priority for Delaware growers, packers, retailers and consumers. Food safety good agricultural practices (GAPs) and good handling practices (GHPs) are important to ensuring food and worker safety. These trainings will assist the industry in better understanding how to implement GAPs/GHP in their operations in an efficient and timely manner. The training programs are designed for the Delaware Agriculture audiences.

Who Should Come?

● Fresh market vegetable growers (small or large)

● Growers with packing operations, growers that ship (local, regional)

● Watermelon/vine crop growers, potato growers, sweet corn growers, leafy greens/cabbage growers, pepper growers, strawberry growers

● Processing growers that ship some fresh market product (examples: spinach, peppers, snap beans, fresh pack limas)

● Growers who are selling wholesale to restaurants; supermarkets, food service companies; and institutions such as schools, hospitals, retirement homes, prisons and businesses with full cafeteria services

● Growers that sell directly to the public at farm stands and farmers markets.

● Extension agents and specialists, Agency personnel

● Consultants and field personnel that work with produce growers

Upcoming Programs:

On-Farm Delaware Food Safety Training for Small Produce Growers– Level I certification GAPs/GHPs
Tuesday, November 10     9 a.m. – 2 p.m.
Filasky’s Produce 1343 Bunker Hill Road, Middletown, DE

Lunch will be provided. Tour local farm operation and learn about designing and implementing GAPs/GHPs for your farm.

After attending this session, growers will receive a Level 1 Produce Food Safety Certification

GAPs/GHPs for Packers and Shippers, Farm Food Safety Plans and Third Party Audits
Monday, November 16, 2009     9 a.m. – 1 p.m.
Site to be determined

Lunch will be provided.

Optional: Food Safety Plan writing segment November 16, 2009 – from 2 pm to 5 pm at New Castle County Cooperative Extension – 461 Wyoming Rd, Newark, DE  19716.  Develop a Farm Food Safety Plan and learn about third-party food safety audits and how to be prepared.

After attending this session, growers will receive a Level 2 Produce Food Safety Certification

Call 302-831-2506 to for more information or to register today! 

Funding to support this initiatives has been provided by the Delaware Department of Agriculture and the Northeast Center for Risk Management and Education.

Grain Marketing Highlights – September 18, 2009

Friday, September 18th, 2009

Carl German, Extension Crops Marketing Specialist;

Frost Scare Increases Market Volatility
On Tuesday of this week the National Weather Service issued a 7 to 10 day forecast that included frost over the Northern Plains to possibly occur toward the later part of next week. On Wednesday the forecast had changed somewhat and the magnitude of the area to possibly be impacted was significantly reduced. Such is the nature of ‘weather’ markets. On Tuesday, new crop corn and soybean prices increased by the daily limit for corn and nearly the limit for soybeans. During day trading on Wednesday, corn and soybean futures gave back a portion of the Tuesday rally. We can expect this type of volatility to continue until the frost scare actually materializes or simply goes away. A frost occurring before U.S. row crops fully mature would reduce the national average yield estimates for U.S. corn and soybeans and their production estimates to some degree, while a non-frost event will likely result in big crops getting bigger for both corn and soybeans. Yesterday afternoon (September 17) Dec corn futures closed at $3.36; Nov soybeans at $9.50; and Dec SRW wheat at $4.67 per bushel.

Market Strategy
This time of year, with harvest just beginning on the Eastern Shore, can be likened to no man’s land when it comes to making marketing decisions. It has been well documented that the corn market is reflecting a carry as depicted by the spreads between the nearby and the more distant futures contract months (Dec ‘09 at $3.36; Mar ‘10 at $3.49; May ‘10 at $3.58; and July ‘10 at $3.67 per bushel). Many analysts are of the firm opinion that it will pay to store unpriced corn and to sell the carry. Selling the carry means that one would have to either hedge the stored corn in the futures market; buy put options against the stored corn; or sell a forward contract in the cash market in order to capture the carry as well as any potential basis gain.

Another alternative that may be worth considering for some would be to sell calls against the stored corn. If exercised, the call position would result in a short futures position, providing downside price protection at the chosen strike price. If not exercised, then the call seller would keep the initial premium received when selling the call, currently valued at 19 cents per bushel for a July ‘10 call option with a $4.40 strike price. Obviously, if not exercised then any stored corn covered by the call option would be open to downside price risk exceeding the 19 cent per bushel premium that the call seller receives for selling or writing the $4.40 call. Purchasing call options also limits upside price potential above the $4.40 strike price. Therefore, selling calls against stored grain is best used when the underlying futures contract is not expected to rise much above the initial strike price of the call option. Calendar-wise it is too early to be making said decision, however, selling calls is currently being mentioned in the media due to the current cost of the put option. If one were to opt to buy a July ‘10 $4.40 strike price put option today it would cost 91 cents per bushel [$4.40 strike price - .91 premium cost + .25 over basis (estimated) - .01 commission cost = $3.73 MSP]. Not a very viable option by many marketers standards at the present time due to the premium cost. As we get deeper into harvest and near the end of the calendar year this alternative could become more viable. Buying put options against stored grain does give downside price protection by locking in the minimum selling price (MSP) while leaving the option buyer open to upside price potential in excess of the premium paid.

Grain marketers can also capture the carry by taking a forward cash contract for some future month of delivery (Jan ‘10; May ‘10; Mar ‘10; or July ‘10). For example, a July forward cash contract can currently be taken at 35 over or $4.02 per bushel. Effectively, one is locking in downside price protection, any price below $4.02, while giving up upside potential, any price move exceeding the $4.02 per bushel contract price. Bear in mind that this is a good way to capture the carry when the opportunity arises.

The carry in the soybean market is currently flat (Nov ‘09 at $9.50; Jan ‘10 at $9.55; Mar ‘10 at $9.58; May ‘10 at $9.56; and July ‘10 at $9.58 per bushel). Earlier this summer we were looking at an inverse carrying charge in soybeans. The indicator one gets at this point in time is that storing soybeans is not likely to pay.

Other factors worth noting: indicated carries in the futures market do not always materialize. However, the stocks-to-use ratios reflected in corn and soybeans would seem to indicate that a rise in corn prices and a drop in soybean prices could occur over time. Currently, the ratio for U.S. corn is at 12.6%. Currently, the U.S. is the main supplier of corn and soybeans to the world market. That will change when the Southern Hemisphere harvest begins, after the turn of the year. The world stocks-to-use ratio for ‘09/‘10 marketing year soybeans is currently at 21.8%.

For technical assistance on making grain marketing decisions contact Carl L. German, Extension Crops Marketing Specialist.

Preplant Weed Control in No-Till Small Grains

Friday, September 18th, 2009

Mark VanGessel, Extension Weed Specialist;

No-till small grains require a weed-free seedbed for best results. A weed-free seedbed results in warmer soils and less early competition for light and nutrients. Non-selective herbicides labeled for this use are glyphosate (various formulations) or Gramoxone Inteon. Apply a non-selective (or “burndown”) herbicide at least 7 to 10 days prior to planting. This is especially important when planting into fields where grassy weeds or perennial weeds are problems. Glyphosate is the preferred product if the field has a history of grassy weeds (annual bluegrass, ryegrass, etc.) or if perennial weeds (horsenettle, yellow nutsedge, hemp dogbane, etc.) are presented.

Additional herbicides for use with Gramoxone Inteon or glyphosate include:

Dicamba (Banvel) can be applied at 2 to 4 oz/A with the burndown. There are no planting restrictions with this low rate of Banvel. Otherwise, the interval is 1.25 days per 1 ounce of product; this is 20 days for 1 pint.

Valor SX has a label for tankmixing with a non-selective herbicide to provide residual weed control. A minimum of 30 days must pass, and 1 inch of rain/irrigation must occur, between Valor application and planting winter wheat. Labeled rate is 1 to 2 oz/A.

2,4-D: most 2,4-D products are not labeled for use prior to planting small grains. So be sure to read the label of the specific 2,4-D product you plan to use.

Check Corn for Lodging Potential

Friday, September 18th, 2009

Bob Mulrooney, Extension Plant Pathologist;

Corn harvest is underway so be sure to check corn fields for lodging potential by squeezing the lower nodes or pushing on the stalks. A simple way to do this is to walk through the field and, keeping your hands at chest height, push stalks 8-10 inches from vertical. If 10-15% of the stalks lodge, schedule the field for early harvest before a strong wind results in severe lodging.

Soybean Disease Update

Friday, September 18th, 2009

Bob Mulrooney, Extension Plant Pathologist;

Soybean Cyst Nematode
Do not ignore soybean cyst nematode. Soil sampling after harvest before any fall tillage is recommended for fields to be planted next season to soybeans following this year’s crop. Do not plant SCN susceptible varieties without soil testing first. Soil sample bags are available from the county Extension offices for $10/sample bag.

Soybean Cyst Nematode Survey
As soybean harvest begins we will be contacting growers to see if they want to participate in this needed survey to assess SCN numbers in fields. The last survey was in the mid-90s. If you have a field with a history of soybean production and want to have the field included please contact me at 302-831-4865 or contact your county agent.

Soybean Rust Update
On September 16, soybean rust was reported in Coffee, Crisp and Irwin counties, Georgia; Coffee and Tipton counties, Tennessee; Barbour, Chambers, Cherokee, DeKalb and Henry counties, Alabama; and Warren County, Kentucky. On September 15, soybean rust was reported in Yell County; Arkansas; Laurens County, Georgia; and Lauderdale, Leake, Newton, and Winston counties in Mississippi. On September 14, soybean rust was reported in Craighead, Jackson, and Lawrence counties, Arkansas; Calhoun County, Florida; St. James and St. Tammany parishes, Louisiana. As the soybean crop matures, more soybean rust reports are expected north of the current distribution.

Rust continues to increase along the Mississippi most of these new detections are on soybeans that will not likely be impacted by rust this late in the season. Sampling continues in Delaware and will until October. The risk of rust is low for us unless some hurricane or tropical storm develops that brings spores north. The latest wet weather systems have been southerly so no transport in our direction. Except for a few coastal counties, the Carolinas have been dry, which has limited spore production that could come our way. Keep abreast of the situation by checking the national ipmPIPE website at